Miss Salma Ali

Registered & Chartered Forensic Psychologist

Miss Ali

Miss Salma Ali is an experienced Forensic Psychologist who has worked across a range of forensic mental health and criminal justice settings.

Instructing Miss Salma Ali

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Miss Ali is an HCPC registered and BPS chartered Forensic Psychologist with over 20 years of experience working with adults with neurodevelopmental disorders and mental health problems across a range of clinical and forensic settings. She is currently employed as a Highly Specialist Forensic Psychologist working with adult men who have committed serious offences, detained under the Mental Health Act (1983) and who require detention in high secure conditions.

She has extensive clinical experience providing psychological assessment, formulation and treatment to adults with a range of complex forensic mental health difficulties or psychological disorders, including psychotic or delusional disorders, severe personality disorders, self-harm, chronic and acute traumatic stress responses. Miss Ali has particular expertise with those with forensic-intellectual disability and autism spectrum conditions and has published widely on the subject in peer reviewed journals and spoken at a variety of international conferences. Much of this work also includes the assessment and management of violent and sexual risk.

Miss Ali is trained and licensed in the use of specialist assessment and diagnostic tools. These include those for assessment of intellectual (cognitive) and social functioning, autism spectrum conditions, personality disorder, measurement of risk (violence, sexual offending, recidivism, domestic abuse). She is accustomed to presenting measures within the context of wider case formulation and descriptions of psychological functioning and behaviours, and to working with legal representatives commissioning reports. Her practice encompasses the use of evidence-based models such as Cognitive Behavioural approaches.


Experience of giving evidence

Miss Ali has completed all relevant modules of the British Psychological Society’s Expert Witness training facilitated by Dr Susan van Scoyoc. She has presented in Court as both an Expert and Professional witness having written numerous psychological reports based on psychometric testing and other relevant case information.

Cases undertaken

Miss Ali is regularly instructed to provide assessment and opinion to the Criminal courts in relation to adult offending. Whilst she has particular expertise with neurodevelopmental disorders (Intellectual/Learning disabilities and Autistic Spectrum Conditions), she is also experienced in providing opinions about wider mental health, offending and risk-related issues.

Specialist assessments offered

Risk Assessments

  • Historical Clinical Risk Management-20 (HCR-20 risk of violence)
  • Risk of Sexual Violence Protocol (RSVP
  • Structured Assessment of Protective Factors (SAPROF)
  • Actuarial risk assessments (e.g. RM2000)

Intellectual, neurodevelopmental and cognitive assessments

  • WAIS-IV (Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale)
  • The Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule version 2 (ADOS-2) and The Autism Diagnostic Interview-Revised (ADI-R)
  • Wechsler Memory Scale (WMS)
  • Diagnostic Interview for Adult ADHD (DIVA)

Personality and clinical symptom assessments

  • MCMI-IV (Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory) to assess for clinical syndromes and personality disorder in adults
  • IPDE (International Personality Disorder Examination) to assess for personality disorder in adults


  • Test of Memory Malingering
  • Structured Interview of Reported Symptoms (malingering of clinical symptomology)
  • Paulhus Deception Scales


  • Gudjonsson Suggestibility & Compliance Scales (GSS & GCS) to assess for interrogative suggestibility and compliance in Police interviews.
  • State-Trait Anger Expression Inventory–2 (STAXI-2) which measures the experience, expression, and control of anger


Journal Articles

Chaplin, E., McCarthy, J., Marshall-Tate, K., Ali, S., Xenitidis, K., Childs, J., Harvey, D., McKinnon, I., Robinson, L., Hardy, S. and Srivastava, S. (2021). Evaluation of a liaison and diversion Court Mental Health Service for defendants with neurodevelopmental disorders. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 119, p.104-103.

Marshall-Tate, K., Chaplin, E., Ali, S. & Hardy, S. (2019). Learning disabilities: supporting people in the criminal justice system. Nursing Times [online]. 115(7). pp. 22-26.

Ali, S. (2018). Autistic spectrum disorder and offending behaviour – A brief review of the literature. Advances in Autism. 4(3). pp. 109-121.

Ali, S. & Galloway, S. (2016). Developing a Screening Tool for Offenders with Intellectual Disabilities – the R.A.P.I.D. Journal of Intellectual Disabilities and Offending Behaviour.7(3). pp.161-170.

Book Chapters

Brown, P. & Ali, S. Fitness to Plead & Neurodevelopmental disorders. In McCarthy, J., Alexander, R. & Chaplin E. (in press). Forensic Aspects of Neurodevelopmental Disorders: A Clinician’s Guide. (Eds.). BJP Cambridge University Press.

Walsh, E., & Ali, S. (2022). Working with offenders with learning disabilities. In Atherton, H. & Crickmore, D. Learning Disabilities: Toward Inclusion 7th (Eds.). Elsevier.

Ali, S., Galloway, S. and Talbot, J. (2018). ‘Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities Involved in Criminal Justice Procedures’ in Lindsay, W.R. & Taylor, J. eds. The Wiley Handbook on Offenders with Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities: Research, Training, and Practice. Wiley-Blackwell. New Jersey: USA. pp. 437-452.


Miss Ali has an established private practice alongside working for the NHS. She therefore has good availability and flexibility to accept instructions and to give evidence.


Languages spoken

  • English – Fluent

Qualifications and memberships

Professional memberships

  • Registered with the Healthcare Professions Council
  • Full member of the British Psychological Society
  • Full member of the Division of Forensic Psychology

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